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Williams questions the authenticity of the piece, based on its various unusual features, and elaborates the idea that the piece may have a violin version ancestor. Around the same time as Grace made orchestral version comparisons in his performance suggestions, Edward Elgar was producing his orchestrations of two organ pieces by Bach, however not choosing BWV for this: Elgar did not particularly like that work, nor Schweitzer's glowing comments about it.

In Eugene Ormandy recorded his orchestration of the piece with the Philadelphia Orchestra. Its first uses in sound film included the film Dr. Hyde and the film The Black Cat. From another approach to using BWV in film was in the make: Oskar Fischinger suggested to Stokowski abstract animations could be combined with his orchestral version of BWV , but the Disney studios were initially slow in accepting the idea. By the time Fantasia was released in , the animations to Bach's BWV had been made semi-abstract, but Fischinger's original idea to let the performance of the music start with showing Stokowski directing his orchestra was preserved.

Narrator Deems Taylor introduced the piece as belonging in the category of absolute music. In the theatrical release of the film by RKO the Toccata and Fugue was entirely cut, only to return in a re-release. Fantasia contributed significantly to the fame of the Toccata and Fugue in D minor. Man for 26 episodes between and A certain uneasiness regarding BWV had been around long before the s.

From Hilgenfeldt in to Elgar in the s to Basso in the late s the extraordinary popularity of the piece seems to have taken scholars and musicians by surprise. From Mendelssohn's prophetic words, that it was something for both the erudite and the masses, only the latter part had really worked out.

But scholars were getting involved: In a article Peter Williams reiterated the speculations with which he saw a way out of the conundrum, and which he had already announced in his book on Bach's organ compositions: The analysis of the material sources for the piece, its oldest surviving manuscripts, was, although insufficiently pursued according to some scholars, [] experienced as too limited to give a conclusive answer to these questions: The matter still remains open, despite the scholarly discourse that began in No edition of the Bach Werke Verzeichnis listed BWV among the spurious or doubtful works, [] nor does its entry on the website of the Bach Archiv Leipzig even mention such doubts.

In Antony Davies remarked that the Toccata was void of counterpoint. Walter Emery advocated speculation as a viable method to approach the history of Bach's organ compositions, [] and Friedrich Blume saw problems with the traditional historiography of Bach's youth.

Hypotheses proposed by Williams in that article included that BWV may have been composed after and may have been based on an earlier composition for another instrument, supposedly violin. Williams added more stylistic issues to the ones already mentioned by Bullivant, among others the parallel octaves throughout the opening of the toccata, the true subdominant answers in the fugue and the primitive harmonies throughout the piece, with countersubjects in the fugue frequently moving through thirds and sixths only.

All of these characteristics are either unique or extremely rare for organ music of the first half of the 18th century. In Rolf-Dietrich Claus decided against the authenticity of BWV mainly based on the stylistic characteristics of the piece. By the end of the 20th century Hans Fagius wrote: There are, however, few organ pieces with so much spirit and drive, and why should not a genius like Bach, in youthful high spirits, have produced this unique work, which is in some respects half a century before its time and which could achieve a place as one of the most beloved compositions in all of music history?

The authorship debate continued in the 21st century: Wolff called it a pseudo-problem.

Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV - Wikipedia

Emans thinks this sort of speculation unhelpful. The other hypothesis elaborated by Williams suggests that BWV may have been a transcription of a lost solo violin piece. Parallel octaves and the preponderance of thirds and sixths may be explained by a transcriber's attempt to fill in harmony which, if preserved as is, would be inadequately thin on a pipe organ.


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This is corroborated by the fact that the subject of the fugue, and certain passages such as bars 12—15 , are evidently inspired by string music. Bach is known to have transcribed solo violin works for organ at least twice: Thus a new format of adaptations saw the light: Reconstructions of this kind have been applied to several other works by Bach, with variable success. In Bernhard Billeter proposed a harpsichord toccata original, [4] deemed unlikely by Williams.

Bach's harpsichord toccatas most of them early works have similar simplisms and quirks as BWV Recordings of BWV that have appeared on popular music charts include Sky 's rock-inspired recording 83 on Billboard Hot [] and Vanessa-Mae 's violin recording 24 on the Billboard charts. In the mids Fred Mills , then trumpet player for Canadian Brass , created an adaptation for brass quintet that became a worldwide standard for brass ensembles.

References consisting of a last name and date refer to an entry in the Sources section below:. Unless otherwise indicated all weblinks in numbered footnotes checked and accessed From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Opening of the toccata. Stokowski and the Organ.

On Music , pp. The American Record Label Book. Hyperion , , p. Harcourt, Brace and Howe; London: La vita e le opere di J. Bach , Volume 1 of 2: Meaning and Interpretation of Music in Cinema , p.

Music in the Horror Film: Touchstones of Gothic Horror: Listening to Fear edited by Neil Lerner. Color Music and Walt Disney's Fantasia" p. University of Illinois Press. The Musical Quarterly Johann Peter Kellner thesis. Bach Werke Verzeichnis version 2a. Academy of Ancient Music". Retrieved 23 August Toccata e fuga in re minore BWV Toccata and Fugue by J S Bach arranged for solo flute at www. Archived from the original on February 16, Compositions for organ , keyboard and lute by Johann Sebastian Bach.

Bach Twelve Little Preludes. Fantasia Fantasia Retrieved from " https: For example, where the phrase consists of an arpeggio in C major, the bass line begins with a B-flat. The arpeggios eventually modulate through all twelve keys, until Widor brings the symphony to a close with fff block chords in the final three bars.


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Symphonie pour orgue No. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. Arrangements and Transcriptions V. Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 3. Work Title Organ Symphony No.

Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 565

Orgelsinfonie ; Simfonie nr. Retrieved from " http: Symphonies ; For organ ; Scores featuring the organ ; For 1 player ; For 4 accordions, bass instrument arr ; Scores featuring the accordion ; Scores with open instrumentation ; For 5 players ; For orchestra arr ; For orchestra ; Scores featuring the orchestra ; For recorder arr ; Scores featuring the recorder ; For cello arr ; Scores featuring the cello ; For piano arr ; Scores featuring the piano.

Contents 1 Performances 1. Toccata 3 General Information 4 Misc.